What is the best way (performance wise) to paginate results in SQL Server 2000, 2005, 2008, 2012 if you also want to get the total number of results (before paginating)?
Microsoft SQL Server 2008 and previous
Getting the total number of results and paginating are two different operations. For the sake of this example, let’s assume that the query you’re dealing with is
SELECT * FROM Orders WHERE OrderDate >= '1980-01-01' ORDER BY OrderDate
In this case, you would determine the total number of results using:
SELECT COUNT(*) FROM Orders WHERE OrderDate >= '1980-01-01'
…which may seem inefficient, but is actually pretty performant, assuming all indexes etc. are properly set up.
Next, to get actual results back in a paged fashion, the following query would be most efficient:
SELECT * FROM ( SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER ( ORDER BY OrderDate ) AS RowNum, * FROM Orders WHERE OrderDate >= '1980-01-01' ) AS RowConstrainedResult WHERE RowNum >= 1 AND RowNum < 20 ORDER BY RowNum
This will return rows 1-19 of the original query. The cool thing here, especially for web apps, is that you don’t have to keep any state, except the row numbers to be returned.
Microsoft SQL Server 2012
SELECT * FROM TableName ORDER BY id OFFSET 10 ROWS FETCH NEXT 10 ROWS ONLY;